AskDefine | Define meniscus

Dictionary Definition

meniscus n : a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a point [also: menisci (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From μηνίσκος < Μήνη

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. the curved surface of liquids in tubes, whether concave or convex, caused by the surface tension of the liquid
  2. a crescent or a body shaped like a crescent
  3. either of two parts of the human knee that provide structural integrity to the knee when it undergoes tension and torsion

Translations

Extensive Definition

For other uses, see: meniscus (anatomy) and lens (optics).
Meniscus, plural: menisci, from the Greek for "crescent", is a curve in the surface of a liquid and is produced in response to the surface of the container or another object. It can be either concave or convex. A convex meniscus occurs when the molecules have a stronger attraction to each other than to the container. This may be seen between mercury and glass in barometers. Conversely, a concave meniscus occurs when the molecules of the liquid attract those of the container. This can be seen between water and glass. Capillary action acts on concave menisci to pull the liquid up, and on convex menisci to pull the liquid down. This phenomenon is important in transpirational pull in plants.
When reading a scale on the side of a container filled with liquid, the meniscus must be taken into account in order to obtain a precise measurement. The measurement is taken with the meniscus at eye level to eliminate parallax error, and at the central point of the curve of the meniscus, i.e. the top of the meniscus, in the unusual case of a liquid like mercury, or more usually, the bottom of the meniscus in water and most other liquids.
meniscus in German: Meniskus (Hydrostatik)
meniscus in Spanish: Menisco (física)
meniscus in French: Ménisque (physique)
meniscus in Italian: Menisco
meniscus in Dutch: Meniscus (fysica)
meniscus in Polish: Menisk
meniscus in Russian: Мениск (физика)
meniscus in Slovenian: Meniskus

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

achromatic lens, astigmatic lens, burning glass, camera, coated lens, concave lens, concavo-convex lens, condenser, convex lens, crescent, crescent moon, eyeglass, eyepiece, glass, half-moon, hand lens, horseshoe, lens, lunula, lunule, magnifier, magnifying glass, object glass, objective, objective prism, ocular, prism, reader, reading glass, scythe, semicircle, sickle, telephoto lens, toric lens, varifocal lens, zoom lens
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